Dawes'; Trichrome
for Fetal & Endocrine Tissue


Solution A-1
Hematoxylin, 10% in 95% ethanol 16 mL
Ethanol, 95% 64 mL
Glycerol 80 mL
Solution A-2
Ammonium ferric sulphate 24 g
Ferrous sulphate 24 g
Distilled water 100 mL
Solution A-3
Azophloxine 1.2 g
Chromotrope 2R 0.2 g
Acetic acid, glacial 1.2 mL
Distilled water 160 mL
Working Solution A
Make each A solution ensuring all solids are dissolved.
Combine solutions A-1 and A-2 and mix well.
Add solution A-3 to the combined solution.
Solution B
Phosphomolybdic acid 1.5 g
Aniline blue or Methyl blue 3 g
Acetic acid, glacial 1.5 mL
Picric acid, sat. aqueous 150 mL
Distilled water 160 450

Tissue sample
5µ paraffin sections of Bouin’s picric-acetic-formalin fixed fetal tissue, or endocrine tissue fixed in the Bouin’s mixture, but without the acetic acid.


  1. Bring sections to water via xylene and ethanol.
  2. Place into solution A for 4 minutes.
  3. Wash with tap water.
  4. Place in solution B for 3 minutes.
  5. Wash with distilled water.
  6. Dehydrate quickly with 2 changes of 95% ethanol.
  7. Rinse with absolute ethanol.
  8. Clear with xylene and mount with a resinous medium.

Expected results


  1. The author states that both working solutions are stable and can be made in bulk. Multiply the amounts given by 10.
  2. The method is suitable for staining sections in bulk.
  3. The method is suitable as a counterstain for aldehyde fuchsin as well as being a general trichrome.


Dawes, R. L. F., (1972),
A simple connective tissue stain suitable for foetuses and endocrine organs.
Medical Laboratory Technology, v. 29, Nº 1, p.27.




Translate in
Google Translate