Index of Staining Methods

Hematoxylins Trichromes Solutions Impregnations

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria Fite
Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria Kinyoun
Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria Kuper & May, fluorescent
Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria Verhoeff ZN
Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria Ziehl Neelsen
Acid fast organisms, Mycobacteria Adams
Acid fast organisms, Mycobacteria Fite Faraco
Acid fast organisms, Mycobacteria Putt
Acid fast organisms, Mycobacteria Wade Fite
Acid mucopolysaccharides Alcian blue, Scott’s CEC
Acid mucopolysaccharides Hale’s colloidal iron
Acid mucopolysaccharides Mowry’s colloidal iron
Acid mucopolysaccharides Ritter & Oleson’s colloidal iron
Acid mucopolysaccharides Smith & McNulty’s Zirconyl hematoxylin
Acridine orange fluorescence (Chick stain) Fungi
Acridine orange/acriflavine fluorescent Schiff Fungi
Acridine red malachite green, Hitchcock Ehrich Plasma cells
Acriflavine fluorescent PAS Carbohydrates, 1-2 glycols
Adams Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Adams DMAB-nitrite Tryptophan
Adrenal nerves MacFarland & Davenport’s silver proteinate
AFIP HPS General oversight
Akita & Kaneko’s hemalum Elastic
Alcian blue, Lendrum, Slidders & Fraser Amyloid
Alcian blue, Scott’s CEC Acid mucopolysaccharides
Alcian yellow toluidine blue Leung & Gibbon Helicobacter pylori
Aldehyde fuchsin, Gabe Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells
Aldehyde fuchsin, Gomori Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells
Aldehyde toluidine blue, Llewellyn Mast cell granules
Aldehydes Naphthoic acid hydrazide-fast blue B salt
Alizarin red S for calcium McGhee Russel
Alkali blue, Cook & Lamb Elastic fibres
Allochrome, Lillie PAS, collagen, cytoplasm
Alloxan Schiff (Shokeir & Elbagoury) Fixed rabies virus
Alum hematoxylin formula index  
Amyloid Bennhold’s congo red
Bencosme’s HPS General oversight
Amyloid Congo red fluorescence
Amyloid Eastwood and Cole’s Congo red
Amyloid Highman’s congo red
Amyloid Lendrum, Slidders & Fraser’s Alcian blue
Amyloid Llewellyn’s sirius red
Amyloid Puchtler, Sweat and Levine’s congo red
Amyloid Stokes' congo red
Amyloid Sweat and Puchtler’s sirius red
Amyloid Thioflavine S
Amyloid Thioflavine T, Burns, Pennock & Stoward
Amyloid Thioflavine S, Guntern, Bouras, Hof & Vallett
Amyloid Thioflavine T, Vassar & Culling
Amyloid Wolman’s standard toluidine blue
Amyloid metachromasia Birch-Hirschfeld crystal violet
Amyloid metachromasia Jurgens crystal violet
Anderson’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Anderson’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Apathy’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Arginine Bismuth hematoxylin, Roach & Smith
Arkush & Proescher’s iron alum-celestine blue Nuclei, hemalum substitute
Asbestos bodies and fibres Nottingham technique
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Bacteria Churukian-Schenk Gram stain
Bacteria, fibrin Gram-Weigert stain
Baker’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Basement membranes, carbohydrates Jones’ methenamine silver
Basic proteins, including histones Smith’s vanadium hematoxylin
Bauer reaction Carbohydrates, fungi
Bencosme’s HPS General oversight
Bennett’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Bennhold’s congo red Amyloid
Bencosme’s alum hematein Nuclei
Bensley Copper hematoxylin
Bensley’s PTAB Collagen, cytoplasm, nuclei
Bensley’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Bensley & Bensley’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Birch-Hirschfeld crystal violet Amyloid metachromasia
Bismuth hematoxylin, Roach & Smith Arginine
Block staining Hine’s Hematoxylin & Eosin
Böhmer’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Boone & Drijver’s trichrome Exfoliated epithelial cells
Bosma’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Brazilin - Bensley’s PTAB Collagen, cytoplasm, nuclei
Brillmeyer’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Brown & Brenn counterstain Elastic
Burns, Pennock & Stoward’s thioflavine T Amyloid
Bullard’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
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CAB - Roques' trichrome Mallory bodies, collagen
Calcium McGhee Russel’s Alizarin red S
Calcium Von Kossa
Carazzi’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Carbohydrates, fungi Chromic acid Schiff
Carbohydrates, fungi Double oxidation PAS
Carbohydrates Fluorescent PAS
Carbohydrates, basement membranes Jones’ methenamine silver
Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols Lillie’s long PAS
Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols Lillie’s short PAS
Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols McManus’ PAS
Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols Naphthoic acid hydrazide-fast blue B salt
Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols Standard PAS
Carbohydrates Periodic acid thiosemicarbazide Schmorl, Llewellyn
Carbohydrates, fungi Bauer reaction
Carbohydrates, fungi Gomori’s methenamine silver
Carbohydrates, fungi Grocott’s methenamine silver
Carbol chromotrope, Lendrum Eosinophils
del Carpio’s silver impregnation for previously stained sections Reticulin
CAS (chromic acid-Schiff) - Bauer reaction Carbohydrates, fungi
Cason’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
CEC, critical electrolyte concentration, Scott Acid mucopolysaccharides
Cellular inclusions Yellowsolve II, Lendrum et al.
Chick stain (acridine orange fluorescence) Fungi
Chiffelle & Putt (propylene glycol) Lipids
Chrome alum-gallocyanin, Einarson Nucleic acids
Chromic acid fluorescent Schiff Carbohydrates, fungi
Chromic acid Schiff - Bauer reaction Carbohydrates, fungi
Chromotrope-aniline blue (Roques' trichrome) Mallory bodies, collagen
Churukian-Schenk Gram stain Bacteria
Cole’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Collagen Herovici
Collagen Picro-fuchsin variants
Collagen Puchtler’s Picro-sirius red
Collagen van Gieson’s picro-fuchsin
Collagen, cytoplasm, PAS Allochrome, Lillie
Collagen, elastic Kohashi’s trichrome
Collagen, elastic Mollier’s trichrome
Collagen, elastic Paquin & Goddard’s Trichrome
Collagen, elastic Pasini’s Trichrome
Collagen, elastic Walter’s Trichrome
Collagen, Elastic, fibrin Garvey et. al.
Collagen, Elastic, fibrin, mucin Garvey-Movat pentachrome
Collagen, Mallory bodies Roques' trichrome
Collagen, elastic, mucin Silverman-Movat pentachrome
Collagen, Mallory bodies Roques' trichrome
Collagen, mature and young Herovici
Collagen, mitoses, keratin Hollande’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Bensley’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Cason’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Gomori’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Heidenhain’s Azan trichrome
Collagen, muscle Kricheski’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Ladewig’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Lee-Brown’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Lillie’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Mallory’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Masson’s trichrome, standard type
Collagen, muscle Masson’s trichrome, original
Collagen, muscle Masson’s trichrome, original variant
Collagen, muscle Masson’s trichrome, yellow variant
Collagen, muscle Milligan’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Möllendorf’s trichrome
Collagen, muscle Patay’s Trichrome
Collagen, young and mature Herovici
Colloidal iron, Hale Acid mucopolysaccharides
Colloidal iron, Mowry Acid mucopolysaccharides
Colloidal iron, Ritter & Oleson Acid mucopolysaccharides
Connective tissue Lendrum, Slidders & Fraser’s trichrome
Connective tissue and more Shoobridge’s polychrome
Congo red, Bennhold Amyloid
Congo red, Eastwood and Cole Amyloid
Congo red fluorescence Amyloid
Congo red, Highman Amyloid
Congo red, Puchtler, Sweat and Levine Amyloid
Congo red, Stokes Amyloid
Cook Copper hematoxylin
Cook & Lamb alkali blue Elastic fibres
Copper deposits Howell’s rubeanic acid
Copper hematoxylin Bensley
Copper hematoxylin Cook
Copper-iron hematoxylin Faure
Crossman’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Crystal violet metachromasia, Birch-Hirschfeld Amyloid
Crystal violet metachromasia, Jurgens Amyloid
Guntern, Bouras, Hof & Vallett Thioflavine S, Amyloid
Culling & Vassar’s thioflavine T Amyloid
Cunningham & Engel’s (Gomori’s) trichrome Muscle fibres, types I & II
Cytology - vaginal cells Boone & Drijver’s trichrome
Cytology - vaginal cells Papanicolaou’s alcoholic trichrome
Cytology - vaginal cells Papanicolaou’s trichrome
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Dahlia-iron-resorcin Elastic
Davenport & MacFarland’s silver proteinate Adrenal nerves
Dawes trichrome Fetal and endocrine tissue
Debiden’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
de Groot’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Delafield’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
del Carpio’s silver impregnation for previously stained sections Reticulin
DMAB-nitrite, Adams Tryptophan
DNA, nuclei Naphthoic acid hydrazide-fast blue B salt
DNA, nuclei Feulgen’s nucleal reaction
DNA and RNA, nucleic acids Trevan & Sharrock’s methyl green-pyronin
Double oxidation thiosemicarbazide Schmorl, Llewellyn Fungi
Duprès' magenta Nuclei (red)
Duprès' trichrome Collagen, muscle
Duval’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
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Eastwood and Cole’s Congo red Amyloid
Ehrlich’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Einarson’s gallocyanin chrome alum Nucleic acids
Elastic Akita & Kaneko’s hemalum
Elastic Brown & Brenn counterstain
Elastic Cook & Lamb alkali blue
Elastic Dahlia-iron-resorcin
Elastic French’s iron resorcin dye
Elastic Fullmer & Lillie’s orcinol-new fuchsin
Elastic Hart’s Iron resorcin fuchsin
Elastic Humberstone’s Iron resorcin dye
Elastic Miller’s Iron resorcin dye
Elastic Musto’s hematoxylin Scarlet-Saffron
Elastic Musto’s hematoxylin Van Gieson
Elastic Sheridan''s iron resorcin dye
Elastic Taenzer-Unna orcein
Elastic Unna’s orcein-aniline blue
Elastic Unna-Taenzer orcein
Elastic Verhoeff’s hematoxylin
Elastic Weigert’s Iron resorcin fuchsin
Elastic, collagen Kohashi’s trichrome
Elastic, collagen Mollier’s trichrome
Elastic, collagen Paquin & Goddard’s Trichrome
Elastic, collagen Pasini’s Trichrome
Elastic, collagen Walter’s Trichrome
Elastic, collagen, fibrin Garvey et. al.
Elastic, collagen, mucin Silverman-Movat pentachrome
Elastic, collagen, mucin, fibrin Garvey-Movat pentachrome
Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells Aldehyde fuchsin, Gabe
Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells Aldehyde fuchsin, Gomori
Elbagoury & Shokeir’s Alloxan Schiff Fixed rabies virus
Endocrine and fetal tissue Dawes trichrome
Engel & Cunningham’s (Gomori’s) trichrome Muscle fibres, types I & II
Enterochromaffin Schmorl’s ferricyanide reduction
Eosin, Meter’s Counterstain to alum hematoxylin
Eosinophils Lendrum’s carbol chromotrope
Esterase, Leder’s Mast cells
Exfoliated epithelial cells Boone & Drijver’s trichrome
Exfoliated epithelial cells Papanicolaou’s alcoholic trichrome
Exfoliated epithelial cells Papanicolaou’s trichrome
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Faraco Fite Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Fat Chiffelle & Putt (propylene glycol)
Faure’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Ferric iron Perls Prussian blue
Ferrous iron Tirmann Schmelzer Turnbull’s blue blue
Fetal and endocrine tissue Dawes trichrome
Feulgen’s nucleal reaction DNA, nuclei
Fibrin Fuchsin-Miller, Slidders
Fibrin MSB, Lendrum et al.
Fibrin Masson 44/41, Lendrum et al.
Fibrin Obadiah, Lendrum et al.
Fibrin Picro-Mallory – var I or var II, Lendrum et al.
Fibrin Yellowsolve I, Lendrum et al
Fibrin, bacteria Gram-Weigert stain
Fibrin, Elastic, collagen Garvey et. al.
Fibrin, Elastic, collagen, mucin Garvey-Movat pentachrome
Fibrin (fresh), muscle striations, nuclei, erythrocytes Mallory’s PTAH, Shum & Hon modification
Field’s stain Helicobacter, Malaria, General oversight
Fite Acid and alcohol fast organism, Mycobacteria
Fite Faraco Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Fite Wade Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Fluorescent congo red Amyloid
Fluorescent Kuper & May Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms
Fluorescent Gridley (chromic acid Schiff) Fungi
Fluorescent periodic acid Schiff Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Fluorescent Thioflavine S Amyloid
Thioflavine S, Fluorescent Guntern, Bouras, Hof & Vallett Amyloid
Fluorescent Thioflavine T, Burns, Pennock & Stoward Amyloid
Fluorescent Thioflavine T, Vassar & Culling Amyloid
Foot’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Fraser, Lendrum & Slidders' alcian blue Amyloid
Fraser, Lendrum & Slidders' trichrome Connective tissue
French’s iron resorcin dye Connective tissue
Friedländer’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Fuchsin-Miller, Slidders Fibrin
Fullmer & Lillie’s orcinol-new fuchsin Elastic
Fungi, carbohydrates Bauer reaction
Fungi Chick stain (fluorescent)
Fungi Chromic acid fluorescent Schiff
Fungi Gridley
Fungi, carbohydrates Gomori’s methenamine silver
Fungi, carbohydrates Grocott’s methenamine silver
Fungi Llewellyn’s Double oxidation thiosemicarbazide Schmorl
Fungi, carbohydrates PAS, double oxidation
Fungi Periodic acid fluorescent Schiff
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Gabe’s aldehyde fuchsin Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells
Gadsdon’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Gage’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Galigher’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Gallego’s carbol fuchsin Nuclei, blue-black
Gallocyanin chrome alum, Einarson Nucleic acids
Garvey’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Garvey et. al. Elastic, fibrin, collagen
Garvey-Movat pentachrome Elastic, fibrin, collagen, mucin
General oversight HES, Masson
General oversight HPS, AFIP
General oversight HPS, Bencosme
General oversight HPS, variant
General oversight McClung’s Jenner-Giemsa
General oversight McNamara’s Giemsa
General oversight Romanowsky – Giemsa
General oversight Wolbach’s Giemsa
General oversight Yellowsolve, modified. Lendrum et al.
General oversight, Helicobacter, Malaria Field’s stain
GI biopsy stain - Vanderbilt Mucin, collagen, smooth muscle
Gibbon & Leung Helicobacter pylori
Giemsa – McNamara General oversight
Giemsa – Romanowsky General oversight
Giemsa – Wolbach General oversight
Giemsa-Jenner, McClung General oversight and malaria parasites
Gill’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Gluck’s silver impregnation for Zenker fixed tissue Reticulin
1-2-Glycols, carbohydrates Fluorescent PAS
1-2-Glycols, carbohydrates Lillie’s long PAS
1-2-Glycols, carbohydrates Lillie’s short PAS
1-2-Glycols, carbohydrates Standard PAS
Goddard & Paquin’s Trichrome Elastic, collagen
Goldman’s iron hematoxylin Protozoa
Goldner’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Gomori’s aldehyde fuchsin Elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells
Gomori’s methenamine silver Carbohydrates, fungi
Gomori’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Gomori’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
(Gomori) Engel & Cunningham’s trichrome Muscle fibres, types I & II
Gordon & Sweets silver impregnation Reticulin
Graham’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Gram stain, Churukian-Schenk Bacteria
Gram stain, Weigert Bacteria and fibrin
Gridley Fungi
Gridley - Fluorescent Fungi
Gridley’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Grocott’s methenamine silver Carbohydrates, fungi
Groot’s (de Groot’s) alum hematoxylin Nuclei
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Hale’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
Hamilton alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Hansen’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Harris' alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Harris & Power’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Hart’s iron resorcin fuchsin Elastic
Haug’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Haythorne’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Heidenhain’s Azan trichrome Collagen, muscle
Heidenhain’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Heidenhain’s vanadium hematoxylin Nuclei
Held’s molybdenum hematoxylin Neurological elements and others
Helicobacter pylori Leung & Gibbon’s Alcian yellow toluidine blue
Helicobacter pylori Sayeed’s PAS-toluidine blue
Helicobacter pylori Toluidine blue
Helicobacter pylori, Malaria, General oversight Field’s stain
Hematoxylin formula index (alum, iron and other)  
Hematoxylin substitutes index  
Hematoxylin counterstain Meter’s eosin
Herovici Young and mature collagen
Hematoxylin van Gieson Collagen
HES, Masson General oversight
Hitchcock Ehrich malachite green acridine red Plasma cells
Highman’s congo red Amyloid
Hine’s Hematoxylin & Eosin Block staining
Histones and other basic proteins Smith’s vanadium hematoxylin
Hollande’s trichrome Mitoses, keratin, collagen
Hon & Shum modification of Mallory’s PTAH, Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
Horneyold’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Howell’s rubeanic acid Copper deposits
HPS, AFIP General oversight
HPS, Bencosme General oversight
HPS, variant General oversight
Humberstone’s iron resorcin dye Elastic
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Inclusions, acidophil Laidlaw’s trichrome
Inclusions, acidophil Lendrum’s phloxine tartrazine
Inclusions, cellular Lendrum et al Yellowsolve II.
Iodine thiosulphate sequence Removing mercury pigment
Iron - ferric Perls' Prussian blue
Iron - ferrous Tirmann Schmelzer Turnbull’s blue blue
Iron hematoxylin formula index  
Iron resorcin dye - Humberstone Elastic
Iron resorcin fuchsin - Hart Elastic
Iron resorcin fuchsin - Weigert Elastic
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Jalowy’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Janssen’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Jenner-Giemsa, McClung General oversight and malaria parasites
Jones’ methenamine silver Carbohydrates, basement membranes
Jurgens’ crystal violet Amyloid metachromasia
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Kaneko & Akita’s hemalum Elastic
Keratin, mitoses, collagen Hollande’s trichrome
Kefalas' iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Kiernan’s eriochrome cyanine R, var I Hemalum substitute, nuclei
Kiernan’s eriochrome cyanine R, var II Hemalum substitute, nuclei, two colour
Kiernan’s eriochrome cyanine R, var III Myelin
Kinyoun Acid and alcohol fast organism, Mycobacteria
Klatskin’s trichrome Collagen, liver
Kohashi’s trichrome Collagen, elastic
Koneff’s trichrome Pituitary cells
Kostowiecki’s trichrome Muscle, cartilage and collagen
Krajian’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Kricheski’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Krutsay’s alum and iron hematoxylin Nuclei
Kleinenberg’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Kuper & May, fluorescent Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms
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Ladewig’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Laidlaw’s trichrome Acidophil cell inclusions
Laidlaw’s silver impregnation Reticulin on Bouin fixed tissue
La Manna’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Lamb & Cook alkali blue Elastic fibres
Langeron’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Launoy’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Leder’s esterase Mast cells
Lee’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Lee-Brown’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Lendrum’s carbol chromotrope Eosinophils
Lendrum’s phloxine tartrazine Acidophil cell inclusions
Lendrum & McFarlane’s iron alum-celestine blue Nuclei, hemalum substitute
Lendrum & McFarlane’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Lendrum et al. Masson 44/41 Fibrin
Lendrum et al. MSB Fibrin
Lendrum et al. Obadiah Fibrin
Lendrum et al. Picro-Mallory Fibrin – long variant or short variant
Lendrum et al Yellowsolve I Fibrin
Lendrum, Slidders & Fraser’s alcian blue Amyloid
Lendrum, Slidders & Fraser’s trichrome Connective tissue
Leung & Gibbon’s alcian yellow-toluidine blue Helicobacter pylori
Levi’s silver impregnation Reticulin in Zenker fixed lymph nodes
Lewis & Miller’s trichrome Pituitary cells
Lillie’s Allochrome PAS, collagen, cytoplasm
Lillie’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Lillie & Earle’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Lillie & Fullmer’s orcinol-new fuchsin Elastic
Lillie’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Lillie’s PAS, long variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Lillie’s PAS, short variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Lillie's silver impregnation Reticulin
Lillie’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Lipids Chiffelle & Putt (propylene glycol)
Lipofuscin Schmorl’s ferricyanide reduction
Liver, collagen Klatskin’s trichrome
Llewellyn’s aldehyde toluidine blue Mast cell granules
Llewellyn’s Double oxidation thiosemicarbazide Schmorl Fungi
Llewellyn’s mordant blue 3 Hemalum substitute, nuclei
Llewellyn’s Periodic acid thiosemicarbazide Schmorl Carbohydrates
Llewellyn’s sirius red Amyloid
Longley’s variant of Hale’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
Lugol’s alum hematoxylin - Clark and Dodds Nuclei
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MacFarland & Davenport’s silver proteinate Adrenal nerves
McClung’s Jenner-Giemsa General oversight and malaria parasites
McFarlane & Lendrum’s iron alum-celestine blue Nuclei, hemalum substitute
McFarlane & Lendrum’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
McFarlane’s trichrome, one-step Collagen, muscle
McFarlane’s 2nd trichrome Collagen, muscle
McFarlane’s 3rd trichrome Collagen, muscle
McGhee Russel’s Alizarin red S Calcium
McLachlan alum hematoxylin Nuclei
McManus’ PAS Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
McNamara’s Giemsa General oversight
McNulty & Smith’s Zirconyl hematoxylin Acid mucopolysaccharides
Magenta, Duprès Nuclei (red)
Malachite green acridine red, Hitchcock Ehrich Plasma cells
Malaria parasites, general oversight McClung’s Jenner-Giemsa
Malaria parasites, Helicobacter, general oversight Field’s stain
Mallory bleach Oxidation of tissue
Mallory bodies, collagen Roques' trichrome
Mallory’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Mallory & Wright’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Mallory’s PTAH Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
Mallory’s PTAH, Shum & Hon modification Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
Mallory’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Mann’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Maresch’ silver impregnation Reticulin in liver
Masson 44/41, Lendrum et al. Fibrin
Masson’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Masson’s HES General oversight stain
Masson’s iron hematoxylin (Heidenhain) Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Masson’s trichrome, standard type Collagen, muscle
Masson’s trichrome, original Collagen, muscle
Masson’s trichrome, original variant Collagen, muscle
Masson’s trichrome, yellow variant Collagen, muscle
Mast cells Llewellyn’s aldehyde toluidine blue
Mast cells Leder’s esterase
Mast cells, elastic, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells Gabe’s aldehyde fuchsin
Mast cells, elastic, mucin (sulphated), pituitary ß cells Gomori’s aldehyde fuchsin
Martinotti’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Maxwell’s trichrome Pituitary cells
May & Kuper, fluorescent Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms
Mayer’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Mayer’s mucicarmine Mucin
Mayer’s mucihematein Mucin
Melanin Schmorl’s ferricyanide reduction
Meloan, Sweat & Puchtler’s trichrome Muscle, collagen
Mercury pigment removal Iodine thiosulphate sequence
Metachromasia, Birch-Hirschfeld crystal violet Amyloid
Metachromasia, Jurgens crystal violet Amyloid
Meter’s eosin Counterstain to alum hematoxylin
Methenamine silver, Gomori’s Carbohydrates, fungi
Methenamine silver, Grocott’s Carbohydrates, fungi
Methenamine silver, Jones’ Carbohydrates, basement membranes
Miller’s Iron resorcin dye Elastic
Miller & Lewis' trichrome Pituitary cells
Milligan’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Mitchell’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Mitoses, keratin, collagen Hollande’s trichrome
Modified yellowsolve. Lendrum et al. General oversight
Molybdenum hematoxylin, Held Neurological elements and others
Möllendorf’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Mollier’s trichrome Collagen, elastic
Molnar’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Molybdenum hematoxylin formula index  
Mordant blue 3, Llewellyn Hemalum substitute, nuclei
Morel & Bassal’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Movat-Garvey pentachrome Elastic, fibrin, collagen, mucin
Movat-Silverman pentachrome Elastic, collagen, mucin
Mowry’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
MSB, Lendrum Fibrin
Mucihematein Mayer for mucin
Mucin Mayer’s mucicarmine
Mucin Mayer’s mucihematein
Mucin, acid Scott’s CEC Alcian blue
Mucin, acid Hale’s colloidal iron
Mucin, acid Mowry’s colloidal iron
Mucin, acid Ritter & Oleson’s colloidal iron
Mucin, acid Smith & McNulty’s Zirconyl hematoxylin
Mucin, elastic, fibrin, collagen Garvey-Movat pentachrome
Mucin, elastic, collagen Silverman-Movat pentachrome
Mucin (sulphated), mast cells, elastic, pituitary ß cells Gabe’s aldehyde fuchsin
Mucin (sulphated),mast cells, elastic, pituitary ß cells Gomori’s aldehyde fuchsin
Mucin, collagen, smooth muscle Vanderbilt GI biopsy stain
Murray’s iron hematoxylin (Heidenhain) Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Muscle, cartilage and collagen Kostowiecki’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Bensley’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Cason’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Gomori’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Heidenhain’s Azan trichrome
Muscle, collagen Kricheski’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Ladewig’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Lee-Brown’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Lillie’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Mallory’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Masson’s trichrome, standard type
Muscle, collagen Masson’s trichrome, original
Muscle, collagen Masson’s trichrome, original variant
Muscle, collagen Masson’s trichrome, yellow variant
Muscle, collagen Möllendorf’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Milligan’s trichrome
Muscle, collagen Patay’s Trichrome
Muscle, collagen Sweat, Meloan & Puchtler’s trichrome
Muscle fibres, types I & II Engel & Cunningham’s (Gomori’s) trichrome
Muscle striations, nuclei, fresh fibrin, erythrocytes Mallory’s PTAH
Muscle striations, nuclei, fresh fibrin, erythrocytes Mallory’s PTAH, Shum & Hon modification
Musto’s hematoxylin Scarlet-Saffron Elastic
Musto’s hematoxylin Van Gieson Elastic
Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms Fite
Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms Kinyoun
Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms Kuper & May, fluorescent
Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms Verhoeff ZN
Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms Ziehl Neelsen
Mycobacteria, acid fast organisms Adams
Mycobacteria, acid fast organisms Fite Faraco
Mycobacteria, acid fast organisms Putt
Mycobacteria, acid fast organisms Wade Fite
Myelin Kiernan’s eriochrome cyanine R, var III
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Naphthoic acid hydrazide-fast blue B salt Aldehydes
Nassar & Shanklin’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Neelsen, Ziehl’s modification Acid and alcohol fast organism, Mycobacteria
Neurological elements and others Held’s molybdenum hematoxylin
Neurological elements and others Mallory’s PTAH
Neurological elements and others Mallory’s PTAH, Shum and Hon modification
Nerves in mammalian adrenal MacFarland & Davenport’s silver proteinate
Neutral red counterstain Nuclei
Nottingham technique Asbestos bodies and fibres
Nucleal reaction, Feulgen DNA, nuclei
Nuclear fast red counterstain Nuclei
Nuclear stains index, acid resistant  
Nuclear stains index, hemalum substitutes  
Nuclear stains index, hematoxylin  
Nuclear stains index, non-hematoxylin  
Nuclei, DNA Feulgen’s nucleal reaction
Nucleic acids Einarson’s gallocyanin chrome alum
Nucleic acids, DNA and RNA Trevan & Sharrock’s methyl green-pyronin
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Obadiah, Lendrum et al. Fibrin
OFG (orange-fuchsin-green), Slidders Pituitary cells
Oil red O in propylene glycol - Chiffelle & Putt Lipids
Oleson & Ritter’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
Orange-fuchsin-green (OFG), Slidders Pituitary cells
Orcinol-new fuchsin, Fullmer & Lillie Elastic
Oxidation of tissue Mallory bleach
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Palmgren’s silver impregnation Peripheral nerves
Paneth cell granules Lendrum’s phloxine tartrazine
Papamiltiades' alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Papanicolaou’s alcoholic trichrome Exfoliated epithelial cells
Papanicolaou’s trichrome Exfoliated epithelial cells
Paquin & Goddard’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Paquin & Goddard’s Trichrome Elastic, collagen
PAS, collagen, cytoplasm Allochrome, Lillie
Pasini’s Trichrome Elastic, collagen
PAS, fluorescent Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
PAS, double oxidation Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols, fungi
PAS, Lillie’s long variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
PAS, Lillie’s short variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
PAS, McManus Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
PAS, standard Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
PAS-toluidine blue, Sayeed Helicobacter pylori
Patay’s Trichrome Collagen, muscle
Pentachrome, Garvey-Movat Mucin, Elastic, fibrin, collagen
Pentachrome, Silverman-Movat Mucin, elastic, collagen
Peripheral nerves Palmgren’s silver impregnation
Periodic acid fluorescent Schiff Carbohydrates
Periodic acid Schiff, double oxidation Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols, fungi
Periodic acid Schiff, Lillie’s long variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Periodic acid Schiff, Lillie’s short variant Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Periodic acid Schiff, standard Carbohydrates, 1-2-glycols
Periodic acid thiosemicarbazide Schmorl, Llewellyn Carbohydrates
Peripheral nerve impregnation Palmgren
Perls Prussian blue Ferric iron
Phloxine tartrazine - Lendrum Acidophil cell inclusions
Phosphotungstic acid brazilin, Bensley Collagen, cytoplasm, nuclei
Picro-fuchsin, van Gieson Collagen and muscle
Picro-fuchsin variants Collagen and muscle
Picro-Mallory – long variant or short variant Fibrin
Pituitary ß cells, elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated) Gabe’s aldehyde fuchsin
Pituitary ß cells, elastic, mast cells, mucin (sulphated) Aldehyde fuchsin, Gomori
Pituitary cells Koneff’s trichrome
Pituitary cells Lewis & Miller’s trichrome
Pituitary cells Maxwell’s trichrome
Pituitary cells Slidders OFG (orange-fuchsin-green)
Plasma cells Hitchcock Ehrich malachite green acridine red
PNS Palmgren’s silver impregnation
Pappenheim variant, Trevan & Sharrock Nucleic acids, DNA and RNA
Pollak’s trichrome Collagen, muscle
Polychrome - Shoobridge Connective tissue and more
Proescher & Arkush' iron alum-celestine blue Nuclei, hemalum substitute
Propylene glycol fat stain - (Chiffelle & Putt) Lipids
Protozoa Goldman’s iron hematoxylin
PTAB, Bensley Collagen, cytoplasm, nuclei
PTAH, Mallory Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
PTAH, Shum & Hon modification of Mallory Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
Puchtler’s Picro-sirius red Collagen
Puchtler and Sweat’s Sirius red Amyloid
Puchtler, Sweat and Levine’s congo red Amyloid
Puchtler, Sweat & Meloan’s trichrome Muscle, collagen
Pusey’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Putt Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Putt & Chiffelle (propylene glycol) Lipids
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Rabies virus Alloxan Schiff (Shokeir & Elbagoury)
Rawitz' alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Reducing substances Schmorl’s ferricyanide reduction
Régaud’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Removing mercury pigment Iodine thiosulphate sequence
Reticulin Bensley & Bensley’s silver impregnation
Reticulin del Carpio’s silver impregnation for previously stained sections
Reticulin Foot’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Gluck’s silver impregnation for Zenker fixed tissue
Reticulin Gomori’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Gordon & Sweets’ silver impregnation
Reticulin Gridley’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Jalowy’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Laidlaw’s silver impregnation for Bouin fixed tissue
Reticulin in Zenker fixed lymph nodes Levi’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Lillie’s silver impregnation
Reticulin in liver Maresch’ silver impregnation
Reticulin Nassar & Shanklin’s silver impregnation
Reticulin on undewaxed sections Robb-Smith’ silver impregnation
Reticulin on decalcified tissue Studricka’s silver impregnation
Reticulin Wilder’s silver impregnation
Reticulin on decalcified tissue Zimmerman’s silver impregnation
Rhinehart-Abu'l Haj variant of Hale’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
Rhoda-Coomassie, Lendrum et al. Cellular inclusions
Ritter & Oleson’s colloidal iron Acid mucopolysaccharides
Roach & Smith’s bismuth hematoxylin Arginine
Robb-Smith’s silver impregnation Reticulin on undewaxed sections
Studricka’s silver impregnation Reticulin on decalcified tissue
Romanowsky – Giemsa General oversight
Roques' trichrome Mallory bodies, collagen
Rozas' iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Rubeanic acid Howell’s stain
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Sass' alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Sayeed’s PAS-toluidine blue Helicobacter pylori
Schenk-Churukian Gram stain Bacteria
Schiff’s reagent and procedures index  
Schmelzer Tirmann Turnbull’s blue blue Ferrous iron
Schmorl’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Schmorl’s ferricyanide reduction Melanin, enterochromaffin, lipofuscin
Scott’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Scott’s critical electrolyte concentration Acid mucopolysaccharides
Seidelin’s iron hematoxylin (Weigert) Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Shanklin & Nassar’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Sheridan''s iron resorcin dye Elastic
Shokeir & Elbagoury Alloxan Schiff Fixed rabies virus
Shoobridge’s polychrome Connective tissue and more
Shum & Hon modification of Mallory’s PTAH, Nuclei, fresh fibrin, muscle striations, erythrocytes
Silverman-Movat pentachrome Mucin, elastic, collagen
Sirius red, Llewellyn Amyloid
Sirius red-picric acid, Puchtler Collagen
Sirius red, Sweat and Puchtler Amyloid
Slidders alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Slidders’ Fuchsin-Miller Fibrin
Slidders, Lendrum & Fraser’s alcian blue Amyloid
Slidders, Lendrum & Fraser’s trichrome Connective tissue
Slidders OFG (orange-fuchsin-green) Pituitary cells
Smith’s vanadium hematoxylin Basic proteins, including histones
Smith & McNulty’s Zirconyl hematoxylin Acid mucopolysaccharides
Smith & Roach bismuth hematoxylin Arginine
Smooth muscle, mucin, collagen, Vanderbilt GI biopsy stain
Staining en block Hine’s Hematoxylin & Eosin
Standard toluidine blue, Wolman Amyloid
Stokes' congo red Amyloid
Sweat and Puchtler’s sirius red Amyloid
Sudan dyes in propylene glycol - Chiffelle & Putt Lipids
Sulphated mucin, mast cells, elastic, pituitary ß cells Gabe’s aldehyde fuchsin
Sulphated mucin, mast cells, elastic, pituitary ß cells Gomori’s Aldehyde fuchsin
Sweat, Meloan & Puchtler’s trichrome Muscle, collagen
Sweets & Gordon’s silver impregnation Reticulin
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Taenzer-Unna orcein Elastic
Thioflavine S Amyloid
Thioflavine S, Guntern, Bouras, Hof & Vallett Amyloid
Thioflavine T, Burns, Pennock & Stoward Amyloid
Thioflavine T, Vassar & Culling Amyloid
Thomas' iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclear stain and others
Tirmann Schmelzer Turnbull’s blue blue Ferrous iron
Toluidine blue Helicobacter pylori
Toluidine blue alcian yellow, Leung & Gibbon Helicobacter pylori
Toluidine blue, standard, Wolman Amyloid
Trevan & Sharrock’s methyl green-pyronin Nucleic acids, DNA and RNA
Trichrome methods - Index to methods  
Trichrome methods - Comparison chart  
Tryptophan Adams DMAB-nitrite
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Unna’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Unna’s orcein-aniline blue Elastic
Unna-Pappenheim variant, Trevan & Sharrock Nucleic acids, DNA and RNA
Unna-Taenzer orcein Elastic
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Vaginal cells, exfoliated Papanicolaou’s alcoholic trichrome
Vaginal cells, exfoliated Papanicolaou’s trichrome
Vanadium hematoxylin Heidenhain
Vanadium hematoxylin Smith’s for basic proteins
Vanderbilt GI biopsy stain Mucin, collagen, smooth muscle
van Gieson Collagen
Vassar & Culling’s thioflavine T Amyloid
Verhoeff’s hematoxylin Elastic
Verhoeff - Garvey et. al. Elastic, fibrin, collagen
Verhoeff ZN Acid and alcohol fast organisms, Mycobacteria
Virus inclusions, acidophil Laidlaw’s trichrome
Virus inclusions, acidophil Lendrum’s phloxine tartrazine
Von Kossa Calcium
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Wade Fite Acid fast organism, Mycobacteria
Wallart & Honette trichrome Collagen, muscle
Walter’s Trichrome Collagen, elastic
Watson’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
Weigert Gram stain Bacteria and fibrin
Weigert’s iron hematoxylin Acid resistant nuclei and others
Weigert’s iron resorcin fuchsin Elastic
Weiss' trichrome Collagen, muscle
Wilder’s silver impregnation Reticulin
Wolbach’s Giemsa General oversight
Wolman’s standard toluidine blue Amyloid
Wright & Mallory’s alum hematoxylin Nuclei
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Yasvoyn’s iron hematoxylin Nuclei, and others
Yellowsolve I, Lendrum et al. Fibrin
Yellowsolve II, Lendrum et al. Cellular inclusions
Yellowsolve, modified. Lendrum et al. General oversight
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Ziehl Neelsen Acid and alcohol fast organism, Mycobacteria
Ziehl Neelsen, fluorescent Mycobacteria, acid and alcohol fast organisms
Zimmerman’s silver impregnation Reticulin on decalcified tissue
Zirconyl hematoxylin, Smith & McNulty Acid mucopolysaccharides

 

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